Sistemi elettorali

Mugabe’s Zanu-PF loses majority

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Mugabe’s Zanu-PF loses majorityMugabe’s Zanu-PF loses majority

Written by sistemielettorali

3 aprile 2008 a 10:56

Pubblicato su Attualità

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  1. Robert Mugabe’s party has lost its majority in parliament for the first time since Zimbabwean independence in 1980, official results show.

    President Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party has so far taken 94 of the 210 seats, while opposition parties have won 105, the Zimbabwe Election Commission says.

    The opposition MDC says its leader has won the presidential election. Zanu-PF says this is “wishful thinking”.

    The official presidential election results have not yet been declared.

    ‘Anxiety and disappointment’

    The BBC’s Grant Ferrett in Johannesburg says that although the release of parliamentary results by the Zimbabwe Election Commission is significant, the main power in Zimbabwe lies with the president.

    The MDC released its own results to back up its claim of victory in the presidential poll.

    MDC Party Secretary General Tendai Biti said its leader Morgan Tsvangirai had won 50.3% of the vote to President Robert Mugabe’s 43.8%, so avoiding a run-off.

    In his news conference, Mr Biti said there was “anxiety and disappointment” at the failure of the Zimbabwe Election Commission to declare presidential results.

    But Mr Biti said that if the election commission decided that neither of the main candidates had won outright, the MDC would be prepared to take part in a second round.

    For Zanu-PF, Deputy Information Minister Bright Matonga said the claim of victory was irresponsible and could incite violence.

    And, interviewed by the BBC, he said the pattern of results from the parliamentary election suggested that there would be a second round in the presidential election.

    Asked if Mr Mugabe would take part he said: “Only the top two go for a run-off, he cannot bring in another candidate to replace another, which means that President Mugabe and Mr Tsvangirai will go for the run-off if there is going to be a run-off.”

    Mr Matonga added that the delay in officially declaring the result was due to the complexity of the process, with 75% of voters living in rural areas.

    Despite the MDC’s declaration, the issue of whether Mr Tsvangirai has won more than 50% remains in dispute.

    The Zimbabwe Election Support Network, a coalition of civil society organisations, said earlier that he had won 49% to Mr Mugabe’s 42%.

    It based its results on a random sample of polling stations – where results were posted following the polls.

    ‘Fatally damaged’

    In a separate development, a senior Zanu-PF official has told a BBC correspondent in Zimbabwe that he believes Mr Mugabe has been fatally damaged.

    The official, who did not want to be identified, said that by not declaring victory on Sunday or Monday, Mr Mugabe had shown weakness.

    Now, he told our correspondent, civil servants and police were determined to show even-handedness in their treatment of the Zanu-PF and the opposition.

    Zanu-PF has also rejected suggestions that talks have been taking place with the MDC on a possibly handover of power.

    MDC sources had earlier told the BBC that the outline of an agreement had nearly been reached for Mr Mugabe to leave office.

    In his first public appearance since the election, Mr Tsvangirai told a news conference on Tuesday evening there was “no way the MDC will enter in any deal before ZEC has actually announced the result”.

    As pressure grew around the world for final results to be declared, United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called for calm.

    He urged the “utmost transparency be exercised so that the people of Zimbabwe can have full confidence in the process”.

    The White House said it was clear the people of Zimbabwe had “voted for change”.

    UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown called for the results of the presidential election to be published as soon as possible.

    “What we want to see is that the whole of the Zimbabwean people can be guaranteed that the elections are fair and are seen to be fair, and we get the democratic outcome that the people of Zimbabwe have chosen,” he said.

    Mr Mugabe, 84, has not been seen in public since the election but Mr Matonga has denied rumours the president had left the country.

    He came to power 28 years ago at independence but in recent years Zimbabwe has been plagued by the world’s highest inflation, as well as acute food and fuel shortages.


    3 aprile 2008 at 10:57

  2. Electoral system
    House of Assembly: 210 single member plurality constituencies[1]
    Senate: 60 single member single member plurality seats (6 in each province), 16 elected by chiefs 2 each from the 8 non-metropolitan provinces[2]
    Presidential: Elected by universal adult franchise, absolute majority required

    Election period
    Concurrent Presidential, House of Assembly and Senate elections every 5 years

    Electoral institution
    Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC)


    3 aprile 2008 at 10:58


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